The Investigations of the ICC

The Court has opened 7 investigations – all in Africa. An interactive map detailing each.

By: /
May 8, 2012

The International Criminal Court was created to address the gravest of criminal offences: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes of aggression. As a self-proclaimed “court of last resort,” it does not oversee investigations processed through national judicial systems unless the rulings were determined to be illegitimate. Only when states are unable or unwilling to prosecute will the Court step in.

One hundred and twenty-one states have accepted the jurisdiction of the ICC. The United States, Israel, and Sudan have unsigned the Rome Statute — the Court’s founding treaty — and therefore no longer plan to ratify it, nor do they have legal obligations under it. Clinton originally signed the statute, but then George W. Bush rejected it and actively campaigned against it. The Obama administration has made a concerted effort to make amends with the Court. Today, the most vocal opponents of the Court are China, India, and Pakistan.

Since coming into existence in 2002, the Court has opened seven official investigations, all of them in Africa. Roll over the map below for details on each one.

[swf src=”http://www.opencanada.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/AfricaICC1.swf” width=646 height=670]You must have Flash to view this content.[/swf]

Research by Shannon Snow, Design by Cameron Tulk

Also in the series

Truth and Reconciliation in Canada

Truth and Reconciliation in Canada

By:

Actions speak louder than apologetic words says Kim Stanton.

Naked Dissent in Northern Uganda

Naked Dissent in Northern Uganda

By:

There’s more to justice than capturing Kony.

Sudan and the Failure of Liberal Peacemaking

Sudan and the Failure of Liberal Peacemaking

By:

Peace cannot be imposed top-down contends John Young.

A General Seeks Absolution

A General Seeks Absolution

By:

General Butt Naked claims to have traded guns for God. But many Liberians are skeptical.

Timor-Leste: So Much for Victor’s Justice?

Timor-Leste: So Much for Victor’s Justice?

By:

Ten years after independence, the country struggles with past wrongs.

Gender Justice and the Charles Taylor Judgement

Gender Justice and the Charles Taylor Judgement

By:

Today, Charles Taylor was sentenced to 50 years in prison. Why this is significant for women, from our Peace V. Justice series.

The Paradox of Lawfare

The Paradox of Lawfare

By:

Alana Tiemessen looks at the contradiction of replacing acts of war with acts of law.

Louise Arbour on the ICC, Peace and Justice

Louise Arbour on the ICC, Peace and Justice

By:

Louise Arbour in conversation with Stephen Toope.

Transitional Justice As Subterfuge

Transitional Justice As Subterfuge

By:

Stephen Brown considers the ICC’s case in Kenya, four years on.

The ICC in Libya: Beyond Peace vs. Justice

The ICC in Libya: Beyond Peace vs. Justice

By:

Mark Kersten isn’t sure the ICC registered with Gadhafi.